Surrey Short Term Morphosyntactic Change Databases

The notion of 'short term morphosyntactic change' can be used to characterise changes in the use of forms in a short period of time even when the forms themselves have changed relatively little. The Short Term Morphosyntactic Change (STMC) Databases explore change in six different morphosyntactic phenomena in Russian over a 200 year period from 1801-2000.

Nouns in predicate position with the copular byt´ ‘to be’ may take either the nominative or the instrumental case. The nominative is the case originally used in the predicate. The instrumental is the innovation, which has expanded dramatically over the last two centuries.  

Time periods: