The Case Assignment on Direct Objects of Negated Transitive Verbs Database allows you to calculate the frequencies of genitive and accusative objects of transitive verbs under negation. The query will return results showing percentages for each of the competing forms within the set of examples selected. For each time slice the percentage of genitive and the percentage of accusative forms is given. As these are the only possibilities, both percentages will sum to 100%. The percentages are accompanied by the raw numbers of examples extracted from the corpus. Conjoined objects in constructions such as On ne pokupaet knig i gazet ‘He does not buy books and newspapers’ are calculated separately. There will be two separate records in the database, one showing the properties of knig ‘books’ and the other showing the properties of gazet ‘newspapers’. The ratio of the genitive and the accusative within the sentences with conjoined objects is the same as the ratio of the genitive and the accusative in the database in general (24% and 76% accordingly). Where two instances of a negated object occur in one sentence, these are treated as separate records. The object which is not counted in a particular record is given in square brackets in the example set. Queries may be specified with respect to time periods, individual authors, as well as morphological, syntactic and semantic parameters. Where necessary, help texts, explaining particular parameters are provided. To read these texts, hover over the question mark near the search parameter label. To modify your query, go to a respective box and select a new value (or values). All other parameters from your previous query will remain unchanged.
By default, the query will return results from the entire 200 century period covered by the database. Alternatively, you can create composite time periods based on the 20-year or 50-year slices. 50 years: This gives the figures divided into four 50-year slices from 1801 to 2000. 20 years: This gives the figures divided into ten 20-year slices from 1801 to 2000. The drop down menus allow you to combine several consecutive periods into one period. Select one of the two options: 50 years or 20 years and then specify the start and end dates. Statistics will be returned in one column for the period specified. For example, the 80-year period running from the beginning of 1861 to the end of 1940 can be examined by selecting the 20-year option and specifying From 1861-1980 To 1921-1940.
Animate nouns refer to humans (including humans in kinship relations) and non-humans (such as animals and supernatural creatures) and contrast with nouns that refer to inanimate entities. Refine your search by selecting a subset of all objects based on their animacy.
Nouns are semantically classified as concrete nouns (e.g. house), abstract nouns (e.g. friendship), mass nouns (e.g. milk) and collective nouns (e.g. furniture). Refine your search by selecting a subset of all objects based on their semantics.
Count nouns denote entities and abstract concepts that that are bounded physically and /or logically and may co-occur with numeral quantifiers (e.g., derevo ‘tree’, derevnja ‘village’, ideja ‘idea’, poezdka ‘trip’). Non-count nouns – these denote entities and abstract concepts that are unbounded physically and /or logically and normally do not co-occur with numeral quantifiers (e.g., dno ‘bottom’, pšenica ‘wheat’, svet ‘light’, poèzija ‘poetry’, myšlenie ‘thinking’ ). Refine your search by selecting a subset of all objects based on their countability.
Objects may be singular or plural. Refine your search by selecting a subset of all objects based on their number.
The governing verb may occur in a variety of finite and non-finite forms. It may be directly or indirectly negated if the verb is an infinitive. Refine your search by selecting a subset of verbs based on their form.
The governing verb may be perfective or imperfective. Refine your search by selecting a subset of verbs based on their aspect.
The object may precede or follow the negated transitive verb. Refine your search by selecting a subset of results based on word order.
When negated, the verb imet´ ‘to have’ typically takes a genitive object. Refine your query by searching only for examples with the verb imet´ ‘to have’, or exclude examples with this property from your results.
In sentences with intensive negation, negation of the verb is intensified by other component preceding the object. These include the conjunction ni… ni… ‘neither…nor’ the intensifying particle ni or a negative pronoun nikakoj ‘no’ modifying the object. Such conditions favour the genitive in the vast majority of cases. Refine your query by searching only for examples with intensive negation, or exclude examples with this property from your results.
Some transitive verbs may take, alongside a direct object, an additional argument in the form of a predicate nominal in the instrumental. When such a nominal is present, the direct object of a negated transitive verb is typically in the accusative. Refine your query by searching only for examples with an additional predicate nominal, or exclude examples with this property from your results.
The author search function allows you to restrict the results returned to those examples found in works of individual or multiple authors. Leave all author names unselected to return results form the entire corpus.
To view the results of previous statistical studies on the phenomena in question, click the Statistics button at the the bottom of the form. Use a Select button to refer to a particular author, and then select a row with a conditioning factor (or with a combination of factors) for which you would like to see statistics. Please note that only one author may be selected at a time. Statistics are structured as in the original source.